White paper on crime 2011 Part2/Chapter5/Section2/1
Fig. 2-5-2-1 shows the number of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision since 1949 and the probation rate since 1957. The number of persons newly placed under parole supervision was on an increasing trend from 1996, but was on a slightly decreasing trend from 2005. The number of persons newly placed under probation was on a decreasing trend from 2001, but slightly increased in 2010. The probation rate peaked at 20.6% in 1963, then remained basically at the same level, although with some ups and downs, but then turned to a declining trend around 1980, and declined to 8.3% in 2008. However, it then turned to a rising trend in 2009, and was 9.1% in 2010. As of the end of 2010 the number of parolees was 5,968 (down 0.2% from the end of the previous year) and the number of probationers 11,763 (down 3.6% (id.)) (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation).
Fig. 2-5-2-2 shows the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision by age group in 2010.
Examining the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision in 2010 by type of offense revealed that with male parolees and both male and female probationers theft accounted for the highest proportion, followed by Stimulants Control Act violations, and with female parolees both Stimulants Control Act violations and theft accounted for the same level at a high proportion (See Appendix 2-13).
Fig. 2-5-2-3 shows the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision in 2010 by probation/parole supervision period. The parole supervision period of parolees was mostly one year or less, with more than 70% of parolees having a parole supervision period of six months or less. The probation period of most probationers was over two years. The probation period (period of suspension of execution of the sentence) is usually specified in units of a year, and hence that for most of them are for three years or more (three, four, or five years).
Fig. 2-5-2-4 shows the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision in 2010 by their residential status. The proportion of those living in halfway houses was the highest with parolees while the proportion of those living alone was remarkably high with probationers.