Section 2 Probation/Parole Supervision

Probation/parole supervision is provided to probationers/parolees in thereby preventing them from repeating offenses or delinquencies and to facilitate their reformation/rehabilitation through their social life. Probation officers as well as volunteer probation officers (private volunteers commissioned by the Minister of Justice) maintain contact with them through interviews, etc. in order to observe their behavior and provide them with any needed instructions and supervision to ensure they follow the conditions for probation/parole supervision, etc. They also provide them with guidance and assistance to secure residences and gain employment so that they can be independent.

Persons subject to probation/parole supervision include [1] those placed under probation in a decision made by a family court (juvenile probationers), [2] those granted discharge on parole from juvenile training schools and placed under parole supervision (juvenile training school parolees), [3] those granted parole and placed under parole supervision (parolees), [4] those granted suspension of execution of the sentence and placed under probation (probationers), and [5] those granted discharge on parole from women’s guidance homes and placed under parole supervision (women’s guidance home parolees).

Probationers/parolees are obliged to follow the conditions for their probation/parole supervision throughout the period of probation/parole supervision (probation/parole supervision period). Any violation of the imposed conditions can result in so called bad-conduct measure, such as revocation of parole. The conditions for probation/parole supervision include statutory general conditions applicable to all probationers/parolees and special conditions assigned to individual probationers/parolees on a case-by-case basis.

This section describes the status of the probation/parole supervision of parolees and probationers (Subsection 2, however, describes the treatment, etc. of juvenile probationers and juvenile training school parolees).

It should be noted that no one was granted discharge on parole from women’s guidance homes during the period of 1984 through to 2010.