PART 3 Trends in Juvenile Delinquencies and Treatment of Juvenile Delinquents
Chapter 1 Trends in Juvenile Delinquencies

In this part, “juvenile delinquent” refers to juveniles subject to a hearing and the decision of a family court and includes: [1] juveniles that have committed offenses (juveniles aged 14 or older at the time of the offense; hereinafter referred to as “juvenile offenders”), [2] juveniles under 14 years of age who have violated laws or regulations of a criminal nature (hereinafter referred to as “juvenile offenders under 14”), and [3] juveniles who are likely to commit offenses or violate laws and regulations of a criminal nature in the future in light of their personalities or living environment and their tendency not to submit to legitimate supervision of the custodian (hereinafter referred to as “pre-delinquents”) (paragraph 1, Article 3 of the Juvenile Act).