Section 1 Enhancement and Speeding-up of Criminal Trials
The Amended Code of Criminal Procedure, etc. promulgated on May 28, 2004 defines the introduction of various measures for the enhancement and speeding-up of criminal trials, the development of the court-appointed defense counsel system, and the introduction of a system to institute public prosecution based on a decision by the Committees for the Inquest of Prosecution. With regard to the enhancement and speeding-up of criminal trials, the system of Pre-trial Arrangement Procedure was established so that issues and evidence of cases can be fully arranged in advance and productive trial can be conducted intensively for days in a row based on a clear trial plan under appropriate control of the court. Furthermore, the system of Speedy Trial Procedure was created so that trials for clear, minor cases without disputes can be carried out in a simple and prompt manner.