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Juvenile delinquency and juvenile delinquents refers to the following in this Part.
1 Juvenile delinquency
(1) Criminal acts by juveniles aged 14 (the minimum age for criminal responsibility) or older, but less than 20;
(2) Illegal acts by juveniles under 14 years of age (juveniles under 14 years of age who are alleged to have violated any criminal codes or ordinances without criminal responsibility due to age); and
(3) Acts by pre-delinquency by juveniles under 20 years of age that are deemed likely to result in future offenses or violation of criminal acts in light of the personal character or environment due to any of the following grounds:
[a] a tendency toward disobedience to the lawful supervision of guardians,
[b] staying away from home without justifiable reason,
[c] contact with persons with criminal or immoral tendencies or frequentation of places of disrepute, or
[d] a tendency toward acts that are detrimental to the morality of the juveniles themselves or others
2 Juvenile delinquents
(1) Juvenile offenders (juveniles that committed 1-(1));
(2) Juveniles of illegal behavior (juveniles that committed 1-(2)); and
(3) Pre-delinquents (juveniles with behavior 1-(3))
In this chapter, persons under 20 years of age are treated as juveniles even when reference is made to trends in juvenile delinquency before the enforcement of the current Juvenile Act (January 1949).