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 White paper on crime 2003 Part 5/Chap.4/Sec.3/1 

Section 3 Problems of Recent Juvenile Robbery Offenders

1 Summary of the problems

  Problems of recent juvenile robbery offenders, which have been revealed in the results of this special survey, are summarized as the following 3 points.
(i) Most recent juvenile robbery offenders committed street robbery at night while taking ideas for the modus operandi from friends or the mass media; they recognized robbery, which is a heinous offense, as an easy means to satisfy their needs, and formed a group with friends with the simplistic and immediate motive of obtaining entertainment expenses. In many cases, they conducted more violent acts and finally caused damage to victims as they became too excited and got carried away due to the group mentality. Such actual conditions suggest characteristics in mentalities and behavioral tendencies relating to robbery among juveniles. Most recent juvenile robbery offenders have little resistance to conducting violence, think or act simplistically, and lack compassion to people other than their loved ones. At the same time, they have difficulty in carefully choosing their behavior when in a group and have a strong tendency to try to satisfy their own material desires occasionally by whatever means, whether legal or illegal.
(ii) Most recent juvenile robbery offenders have both parents and the percentage of juveniles whose family has open conflicts between family members is not so large. Thus, they appear to be free from family problems, but actually in families of many juvenile robbery offenders, parents leave their children to their own devices and fail to exercise proper guiding ability or become aware of the actual status of their own children, who have committed robbery. Also in such families, the family relationship is often poor. Thus, the family system does not function sufficiently in many families.
(iii) Most recent juvenile robbery offenders lack a sense of belonging in society and a bright vision for the future. Furthermore, there are juveniles who do not adapt themselves to society, including unemployed juveniles and juveniles who attend but fail to adapt themselves to school or work.