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As shown in Fig. 1-3-1-1 , the number and the rate of repeat offenders to the total number of juveniles cleared for general penal code offenses have increased since 1997 and 1998, reaching 38,505 persons and 27.2% in 2002 respectively.
Table 1-3-2-1 shows the number and the rate of repeat offenders to the total number of juveniles cleared for general penal code offenses in 2002, by type of major offense and by previous disposition. The rate of repeat offenders was 27.2% among all juveniles cleared whereas it exceeded 50% among those cleared for homicide, robbery, robbery resulting in death, rape, and extortion, and 40% among those cleared for bodily injury, bodily injury resulting in death, assault, intimidation, and destruction of objects, which indicates that the rate is high for heinous and violent offenses.
In connection with previous dispositions, those juveniles who had previously been disposed as dismissal without hearing at family courts accounted for the largest share of all the juveniles cleared (10.0%), followed by those disposed as dismissal after hearing (3.4%) and those under probationary supervision (2.7%). This may reflect the fact that dismissal without hearing was most common, followed by probationary supervision and dismissal after hearing in dispositions for juveniles at family courts (see Part 4, Chapter 2, Section 2, 2, "Juvenile hearing" ).
Table 1-3-2-1 Numbers of juvenile offenders cleared for general penal code offenses by type of major offense and by previous disposition (2002)