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3. Delinquency at Home and School
(1) Juvenile violence in families
Fig. 4-1-5-4 shows the trend of juvenile family violence in the last10years by educational and employment situation of the juveniles.The number of reported cases of juvenile family violence had been on the rise since1995,and significantly increased to1,386(up48.9%from the previous year)in2000.However,it has declined since2001to1,154(down10.6%from the previous year)in2003.According to a breakdown by educational and employment background of those juveniles,junior high school students had the largest share,accounting for38.2%in2003.
Fig. 4-1-5-4 Juvenile family violence cases by educational and employment background of the juveniles(1994-2003)
(2) Violence in schools
Fig. 4-1-5-5 shows the trend of cleared or guided juveniles violence in schools since1994.Both numbers of cases and juveniles cleared were on the decline in2001and2002,but in2003both increased to716cases(up6.1%from the previous year)and1,019juveniles(up1.7%).Most cleared juveniles were junior high school students every year.
Fig. 4-1-5-5 Trend of juveniles cleared/guided for school violence(1994-2003)
In1994,the Ministry of Justice launched the system of Civil Liberties Commissioners for the Rights of the Child to handle issues of children's rights professionally.A total of690special commissioners were placed in Regional Legal Affairs Bureaus and District Legal Affairs Bureaus nationwide as of July1,2004,in order to provide consultation services to victims of bullying and to take appropriate measures to eliminate the practice of bullying(Source:Civil Liberties Bureau of Ministry of Justice).
According to the data of the Elementary and Secondary Education Bureau,Ministry of Education,Culture,Sports,Science and Technology,a total of23,351incidents of bullying(up5.2%from the previous year)occurred in public elementary,junior high,senior high,and special education schools in FY2003.Of the aggregate total of32,362incidents,teasing and taunting had the largest share at10,203cases(31.5%),followed by verbal threats at5,841cases(18.0%),assaults at4,866cases(15.0%),and exclusions from groups at4,451cases(13.8%).Bullying takes various forms,and not all of them are covered by criminal justice procedure.In reality,the very nature of bullying makes it difficult for authorities to grasp the actual situations.
Delinquency cases related to bullying known by the police have been on the decline after peaking in1985at638cases involving1,950juveniles.In2003,they were106cases involving229juveniles.Of the106cases,99cases were committed as bullying and the remaining seven were cases where victims of bullying committed offenses for revenges(Source:Community Safety Bureau,National Police Agency).