White Paper on Crime 2020 Part2/Chapter4/Section2/2
Inmates sentenced to imprisonment with work are legally obliged to engage in work. Inmates sentenced to imprisonment without work or penal detention may work if they so request. The average daily number of inmates engaging in work was 41,718 in Fiscal Year 2019. As of March 31, 2020, 80.2 % of inmates sentenced to imprisonment without work engaged in work (Source: The Correction Bureau, Ministry of Justice).
In FY 2019, 50 vocational training subjects, such as business skills, welding, forklift operation, nursing care, etc. were available, with 12,679 inmates having completed the training and a total of 7,572 inmates having obtained qualifications or licenses to be welding technicians, boiler engineers, information processing engineers, etc. (Source: The Correction Bureau, Ministry of Justice).