White paper on crime 2014 Part2/Chapter1/3
Imprisonment with/without work is executed in penal institutions under the directions of public prosecutors.
Inmates are provided with correctional treatment, which includes work, guidance for reform, and guidance through school courses at penal institutions thereby raising their motivation to be reformed/rehabilitated and developing the ability to adapt to society's norms. Offenders unable to pay fines or petty fines imposed upon them are detained in workhouses attached to penal institutions to thereby work off their debt (detention in workhouse in lieu of payment of fines).
The Act on Penal Detention Facilities and Treatment of Inmates and Detainees (hereinafter referred to as the “Penal Detention Facilities Act”) stipulates the management and operation of penal institutions and the treatment of sentenced inmates and inmates awaiting judgment.