2 Private supporters/support organizations

(1) BBS Associations

BBS Associations are voluntary organizations of young persons engaged in Big Brothers and Sisters Movement activities to assist juvenile delinquents and juveniles facing trouble in their rehabilitation and growth by relating to them as older brothers or sisters. As of April 1, 2011, there were 487 BBS Associations with 4,666 members (Source: The Rehabilitation Bureau, Ministry of Justice).

(2) Women’s Association for Rehabilitation Aid

Women’s Associations for Rehabilitation Aid are volunteer organizations that support the sound development of young people and the reformation/rehabilitation of offenders and juvenile delinquents, as well as aiding in community based crime prevention activities. As of April 1, 2011, there were 1,314 local associations with 182,047 members (Source: The Rehabilitation Bureau, Ministry of Justice).

(3) Cooperative employers

Cooperative employers are private business operators who understand the circumstances of probationers/ parolees and those receiving urgent aftercare that face difficulty in finding stable employment due to having a history of offenses or delinquencies, etc., and who then cooperate in their reformation/rehabilitation by employing them. Efforts are being made at probation offices to increase the number of cooperative employers by asking for the support of rehabilitation service organizations that include volunteer probation officers’ associations, juridical persons for offenders rehabilitation, and Women’s Associations for Rehabilitation Aid, etc. As of April 1, 2011, there were 9,346 cooperative employers, including both individual and juridical persons, with 570 probationers/parolees being employed by them. By the type of industry of the cooperative employer, construction was the most common at 47.4%, followed by manufacturing at 15.7%, and the service industry at 15.0% (Source: The Rehabilitation Bureau, Ministry of Justice).