White paper on crime 2011 Part2/Chapter1/3
If a conviction becomes final without suspension of execution, the sentence is then executed under the directions of a public prosecutor. Imprisonment with or without work or misdemeanor imprisonment without work are then take place at penal institutions.
Inmates are provided with work, guidance for reform, and guidance through school courses at penal institutions as correctional treatment in raising their motivation to be reformed/rehabilitated and develop the ability to adapt to society. Offenders unable to pay the imposed fine or petty fine are detained in workhouses that are attached to penal institutions to work off their debt (detention in a workhouse for payment of fines).
The management and operation of penal institutions and the treatment of sentenced inmates and inmates awaiting judgments, etc. have conventionally been based on the Prison Act (Act No. 28 of 1908). Enforcement of the Act on Penal Institutions and the Treatment of Sentenced Inmates (Act No. 50 of 2005; hereinafter referred to as the “Inmates Treatment Act”) on May 24, 2006 and subsequent revision of the said act on June 1, 2007 (by Act No. 58 of 2006; the title of the said act was changed to the Act on Penal Detention Facilities and Treatment of Inmates and Detainees (hereinafter referred to as the “Penal Detention Facilities Act”)), however, resulted in the above mentioned management/operation and treatment being based on the said act.