White paper on crime 2015 Part3/Chapter2/Section4/2
The treatments of juveniles at juvenile training schools were based on former Juvenile Training Schools Act which was enacted in 1948. The new Juvenile Training Schools Act was enacted in 2014, which revised school categories by abolishing conventional age groups and provided a new correctional education program (The Act entered into force on June 1, 2015).
The former four types of juvenile training schools were; Primary, Middle, Advanced, and Medical Juvenile Training School. The new Juvenile Training Schools Act then reorganized these into new types of four schools, as described below. Juveniles categorized based on age, level of criminal tendency, and mental and/or physical condition etc. are committed to the respective type of school:
The former treatments at juvenile training schools were provided according to three treatment programs; General short-term, Special short term and Long-term treatment program. The programs of General short-term treatment program and Long-term Short-term included several “treatment courses”.
The new Act reorganized these programs and courses into correctional education programs which correspond to aforementioned new four types of schools to be able to provide more systematic correctional education to suit group of juveniles who shares certain common characteristics such as age, mental/physical condition, levels of criminal tendency, social skills and other circumstances.
The type of juvenile training school is specified by the family court with the decision to refer the juvenile to a juvenile training school. The superintendent of juvenile classification home specifies the appropriate juvenile training school in consideration of difference of correctional education programs assigned to different schools. Taking into account these opinions from the family court and the juvenile classification home, the director of the juvenile training referring the juvenile to juvenile training school, specified the school type to beType 1 and acknowledges that the period of correctional education to be a short one and advised the school as such, the school is to assign either short-term compulsory education program or short-term social adaptation program for the juvenile.