PART 3 Trends with Juvenile Delinquencies and Treatment of Juvenile Delinquents
Chapter 1 Trends with Juvenile Delinquencies

In this part, juvenile delinquents refer to juveniles subject to hearing and decision of a family court and include: [1] juveniles that have committed offenses (juveniles aged 14 or older at the time of the offense; hereinafter referred to as “juvenile offenders”), [2] juveniles under 14 years of age who have violated laws or regulations of criminal nature (hereinafter referred to as “juvenile offenders under 14”), and [3] juveniles who are likely to commit offenses or violate laws and regulations of criminal nature in the future in light of their personality or environment and their tendency not to submit to legitimate supervision of the custodian (hereinafter referred to as “pre-delinquents”) (paragraph 1, Article 3 of the Juvenile Act).