White paper on crime 2010 Part2/Chapter5/Section2
Probation/parole supervision is provided to probationers/parolees in preventing them from repeating offenses or delinquencies and to facilitate their reformation/rehabilitation through ensuring they lead a social life. Probation officers as well as volunteer probation officers (private volunteers commissioned by the Minister of Justice) maintain contact with them through interviews, etc. in order to observe their behavior and provide them with any needed instructions and supervision such as in taking necessary measures to ensure they follow the conditions for their probation/parole supervision. They also provide them with guidance and assistance for purposes such as securing residences and gaining employment so that they can live independently.
Probationers/parolees are obliged to follow the conditions for their probation/parole supervision throughout their period of supervision (supervision period). Any violation of the imposed conditions can result in so called bad-conduct measures then being taken, such as revocation of parole. The conditions for probation/parole supervision include statutory general conditions applicable to all probationers/parolees and special conditions assigned to individual probationers/parolees on a case-by-case basis.
This section describes the status of probation/parole supervision of parolees and probationers (Subsection 2, however, describes treatment, etc. of juvenile probationers (those placed under probation in a decision made by a family court) and juvenile training school parolees).