White paper on crime 2010 Part2/Chapter5/Section2/1
Fig. 2-5-2-1 shows the number of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision since 1949 and the probation rate since 1957. The number of persons newly placed under parole supervision was on an increasing trend from 1996 on but has been on a slight decreasing trend since 2005. The number of persons newly placed under probation has been on a decreasing trend since 2001. The probation rate peaked at 20.6% in 1963, then remained at almost the same level with some ups and downs, but then turned to a declining trend around 1980, and continued to gradually decline to 8.3% in 2008. In 2009 it slightly rose to 8.7%. As of the end of 2009 the number of parolees was 5,980 (down 7.8% from the end of the previous year) and the number of probationers 12,204 (down 6.9% (id.)) (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation).
Fig. 2-5-2-2 shows the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision by age group in 2009.
Examining the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision by type of offense in 2009 revealed that theft, Stimulants Control Act violations, and fraud were the highest in that order with parolees and female probationers and that theft was the highest, followed by Stimulants Control Act violations and injury, at the almost same level, with male probationers (See Appendix 2-13).
Fig. 2-5-2-3 shows the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision by supervision period in 2009.The supervision period of parolees was mostly one year or less, with more than 70% of parolees having a supervision period of six months or less. The supervision period of most probationers was over two years. The supervision period (period of suspension of execution of the sentence) is usually specified in units of a year, and hence that for most of them are for three years or more (three, four, or five years).
Fig. 2-5-2-4 shows the percent distribution of persons newly placed under probation/parole supervision by residential status in 2009. The proportion of those living in halfway houses was the highest with parolees and the proportion of those living alone remarkably high with probationers.