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2 Classification activities(1) Institutional classification
Fig. 4-2-3-5 shows the standard flow of classifications carried out on juveniles for whom a decision of protective detention (commitment to a juvenile classification home) was made (hereinafter referred to as “institutional classification”).
Fig. 4-2-3-5 Flow of institutional classification in juvenile classification homes
Table 4-2-3-6 shows the relationship between the classification determination and disposition in family courts, etc. for juveniles whose classification determination was completed (only those placed under protective measures are counted in the year of discharge) in 2008.
Table 4-2-3-6 Status of disposition in family courts by category of classification determination (2008)
a. Non-institutional classification at the request of a family court
Although institutional classifications are conducted for most cases dealt with by family courts, non-institutional classifications can also be conducted by summoning juveniles to a family court or juvenile classification home, etc. without detaining them at a juvenile classification home. In 2008, 252 juveniles were received for non-institutional classifications (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Correction).
b. Classification at the request of relevant Ministry of Justice agency
The number of persons received for classification at the request of a relevant Ministry of Justice agency in 2008 was five from public prosecutors, 3,516 from juvenile training schools or penal institutions, and 4,288 from Regional Parole Boards or probation offices (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Correction). The classification activities conducted in response to a request included classification of the subjects’ predisposition, individual or group psychological tests, and interviews and enquiries, etc. conducive to formulating or changing treatment plans, etc.
c. Classification services for the general public
Classification services for the general public can be conducted at the request of general public and public/private organizations, etc. The content of those consultations is wide-ranging, and can include not only delinquency but also juveniles’ character, discipline, and student guidance, etc.