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 White paper on crime 2009 Part3/Chapter2/Section3/3 

3 Probation/parole supervision

  Examining the percentage of probationers/parolees associated with Boryokudan (refers to those deemed to have been associated with designated Boryokudan, etc. designated under the Anti-Boryokudan Act by the time of commencement of probation/parole supervision; hereinafter the same in this subsection) revealed that it has been generally declining over recent years,. It was 12.6% among parolees and 7.9% among probationers in 1998, but declined to 9.3% (down 0.3 points from the previous year) among parolees and 5.2% (down 0.6 points (id.)) among probationers in 2008 (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation).
  Under the categorized treatment system of probation (See (3) of Subsection 2, Section 2, Chapter 5, Part 2), the following probationers/parolees are classified as “persons associated with Boryokudan”: [1] members or quasi-members of Boryokudan; or [2] those who previously fell under [1] and are not deemed to have completely withdrawn from Boryokudan. Efforts are being made in cooperation with the police and prefectural centers for the promotion of violence-expulsion movements, etc. to gain a more accurate understanding of the reality of the daily lives of probationers/parolees in this category, and to provide them with intensive guidance and support that encourages them to withdraw from Boryokudan and establish stable lives with employment, etc.