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 White paper on crime 2009 Part2/Chapter5/Section1 

Section 1  Parole

  The parole system aims to promote the smooth social reintegration of inmates sentenced to imprisonment with or without work who evince “genuine repentance” and can be expected to successfully rehabilitate themselves. The system achieves this by releasing such inmates before completion of their imprisonment term and placing them under parole supervision until the term of parole is complete (i.e. for their remaining imprisonment term).
  Parole can be granted to inmates sentenced to imprisonment with or without work after they have served the statutory term, which is 1/3 of the limited imprisonment term or 10 years of a life imprisonment (See (3) of Subsection 4, Section 1, Chapter 2, Part 4 for special provisions under the Juvenile Act). Parole is typically only granted to inmates who evince “genuine repentance.” More concretely, parole can be granted to inmates who have shown signs of remorse for the offenses they committed and a willingness to reform and rehabilitate themselves, and evidently have no likelihood of repeating an offense, with it therefore being deemed reasonable to place them under parole supervision for their own reformation and rehabilitation if the general sentiment of society can be deemed to approve that decision. In addition, a system wherein the opinions, etc. of victims, etc. are heard before parole is granted has been enforced since December 1, 2007 (See Subsection 6, Section 1, Chapter 2, Part 5).
  Probation offices exercising jurisdiction over an inmate’s post-release abode implement environmental adjustments. Upon receiving the investigation report of personal affairs of an inmate from a penal institution, the probation officer or volunteer probation officer in charge inspects the planned post-release abode and arrange residence and employment, etc. through interviews with a guarantor in order to ensure the environment is suitable for the rehabilitation of the released inmate. This then provides useful data for the parole examination and serves as a basis for the smooth social reintegration of inmates.
  The number of environmental adjustment cases has been increasing over recent years, but did decrease for two consecutive years from 2007. The number of inmates who had environment adjustments commenced in 2008 totaled 44,159 persons (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation).