PART 3 Trends in Juvenile Delinquencies and Treatment of Juvenile Delinquents
Chapter 1 Trends in Juvenile Delinquencies

In this Part, “juvenile delinquent” refers to the following juveniles subject to a family court hearing: [1] juveniles that have committed an offense (juveniles aged 14 or older at the time of the offense; hereinafter referred to as “juvenile offenders”), [2] juveniles under 14 years of age who have violated a law or a regulation of criminal nature (hereinafter referred to as “juvenile offenders under 14”), and [3] juveniles who are likely to commit an offense or violate a law or a regulation of criminal nature in the future in light of their personalities or living environment and their tendency not to submit to legitimate supervision of the custodian (hereinafter referred to as “pre-delinquents”) (paragraph 1, Article 3 of the Juvenile Act).