White paper on crime 2012 Part5/Chapter3/Section2/1
To make international comparisons possible, the International Crime Victims Survey is conducted according to defined international standards that are based on common factors, and hence it does not always match the type of offenses legally established in a particular country.
The 2012 survey was conducted, making victims of crime categorized into three groups, namely household crime victims, individual crime victims, and various fraud victims, while using the survey items of the International Crime Victims Survey as a reference. The “household crime victims” survey was conducted per household on the status of crime victims by asking the question of whether “you or a family member” had been the victim or not of motor vehicle theft, vehicle load theft, damage to motor vehicles, motorcycle theft, bicycle theft, housebreaking, or attempted housebreaking. The “individual crime victims” survey was conducted per individual on the status of crime victims by asking a question whether “you” had been the victim or not of robbery, etc., theft of personal property, assaults and threats, or sexual incidents. In addition to the above, “various fraud victims,” or more concretely, victims of abuse of credit or debit card, identity theft, billing fraud, internet auction fraud, and consumer fraud, were also subjects of the 2012 survey. The survey was conducted per household on the identity theft and consumer fraud, and per individual for the others.