White paper on crime 2012 Part2/Chapter5/Section2
Probation/parole supervision aims to prevent probationers/parolees from repeating offenses or delinquencies and to facilitate their reformation/rehabilitation through leading a social life. Probation officers as well as volunteer probation officers (private volunteers commissioned by the Minister of Justice) maintain contact with them through interviews, etc. in order to observe their behavior and provide them with any needed instruction and supervision and in thus ensuring they follow the conditions for probation/parole supervision, etc. They also provide them with guidance and assistance to secure residences and gain employment so that they can grow more independent.
Probationers/parolees include  those placed under probation as protective measures in a decision made by a family court (juvenile probationers),  those granted discharge on parole from juvenile training schools and placed under parole supervision (juvenile training school parolees),  those granted parole and placed under parole supervision (parolees),  those granted suspension of execution of the sentence and placed under probation (probationers), and  those granted discharge on parole from women’s guidance home and placed under parole supervision (women’s guidance home parolees).
Probationers/parolees are obliged to follow the conditions for their probation/parole supervision throughout the period of their probation/parole supervision (probation/parole supervision period). Any violation of the imposed conditions can result in so called bad-conduct measures, which include revocation of their parole, etc. The conditions for probation/parole supervision include statutory general conditions to apply to all probationers/parolees and special conditions assigned to individual probationers/parolees on a case-by-case basis.
This section describes the status of the probation/parole supervision of parolees and probationers (Subsection 2, however, describes the treatment, etc. of juvenile probationers and juvenile training school parolees).
It should be noted that no one was granted discharge on parole from women’s guidance home during the period of 1984 through to 2011 (a decision of discharge on parole from the women’s guidance home was made, however, for one person in 2011).