White paper on crime 2010 Part6/Section1/3
Urgent measures in preventing repeat offenses were announced by the Ministry of Justice in February 2005. A variety of new approaches in the areas of correction and rehabilitation were therefore developed, such as sharing information with the police on the release of inmates or on probationers/parolees whose whereabouts have become unknown, more effective treatment for sexual offenders, and various measures to facilitate Comprehensive Employment Support Measures for Released Inmates, etc.
With regard to the correction of adult offenders, and in response to recommendations made by the Correctional Administration Reform Council in December 2003, the Inmates Treatment Act was enforced in May 2006, and then amended in June 2007 (the title of the said act was altered to the Penal Detention Facilities Act), which resulted in abolition of the Prison Act. The Penal Detention Facilities Act clarified the rights and obligations of inmates and defined that the basic philosophy for the treatment of inmates should be their rehabilitation and smooth reintegration back into society. In addition, various other new treatment systems have also been introduced. The said Act has resulted in concrete measures to improve/enhance the treatment of inmates currently being promoted even more strongly (See Chapter 4, Part 2).
Recommendations made by the Advisory Council on Reform of the Rehabilitation System in June 2006 provided a direction for the overall reform of the rehabilitation system. In accordance with those recommendations, efforts are being made to improve the treatment involved in probation/parole supervision, including enforcement of the Offenders Rehabilitation Act, which reorganized the Offenders Prevention and Rehabilitation Act and the Act for Probationary Supervision of Persons under Suspension of Execution of Sentence into an integration in June 2008 and arranged conditions for probation/parole supervision in order (See Chapter 5, Part 2).