2 Private supporters/support organizations

(1) BBS Associations

Big Brothers and Sisters (BBS) Associations are voluntary organizations of young persons who assist juvenile delinquents and juveniles facing trouble in their rehabilitation by relating to them as older brothers or sisters and being available for consultations. As of April 1, 2010, there were 489 BBS Associations with 4,469 members (Source: The Rehabilitation Bureau, Ministry of Justice).

(2) Women's Association for Rehabilitation Aid

Women's Associations for Rehabilitation Aid are volunteer organizations that support the sound development of young persons and the reformation/rehabilitation of offenders and juvenile delinquents, as well as aiding in crime prevention in communities. As of April 1, 2010, there were 1,310 local associations with 185,176 members (Source: The Rehabilitation Bureau, Ministry of Justice).

(3) Cooperative employers

Cooperative employers are private business operators who understand the circumstances of probationers/parolees and those receiving urgent aftercare that face difficulty in finding stable employment due to their history of offenses or delinquencies, etc., and who then cooperate in their reformation/rehabilitation by employing them. Efforts are being made at probation offices to increase the number of cooperative employers by enlisting the support of rehabilitation service organizations that include volunteer probation officers' associations, juridical persons for offenders rehabilitation, and Women's Associations for Rehabilitation Aid, etc. As of April 1, 2010, there were 8,549 cooperative employers, including both individual and juridical persons, with 505 probationers/parolees being employed by them. By the type of industry of the cooperative employers, construction was the most common at 48.9%, followed by manufacturing at 15.7%, and the service industry at 13.3% (Source: The Rehabilitation Bureau, Ministry of Justice).