2 Provision of food, medical care, health guards, etc.

Persons imprisoned are provided with food and drink (hot water and tea, etc.), with the daily cost for side dishes per adult inmate being 421.50 yen in FY 2010 (Source: The Correction Bureau, Ministry of Justice). The content and amount of food is particularly taken into account with elderly and pregnant persons, those engaging in heavy work, and those who cannot eat regular meals due to religious reasons, etc. Persons imprisoned are also lent or supplied with clothing, bedding, and other daily necessities, while also being permitted to use self-supplied daily necessities, etc. (purchased at their own expense or received from outside).

Medical doctors and other medical specialists are in place at penal institutions to engage in medical treatment and health related work. Furthermore, four medical prisons (Hachioji, Okazaki, Osaka, and Kitakyushu Prisons) have been established as specialist medical treatment penal institutions. In addition, six prisons (Sapporo, Miyagi, Fuchu, Nagoya, Hiroshima, and Fukuoka Prisons) have been designated as medical priority institutions, with both medical equipment and medical specialists having been intensively assigned for use at the total of 10 institutions.