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2 Enhancement of treatment of juvenile delinquents(1) Treatment at juvenile training schools
In addition to providing juveniles with experiences appropriate to their age, juvenile training schools have a particular emphasis on “re-upbringing” to provide guidance on discipline. At the same time, with a view to preventing repeat delinquencies, these training schools work in cooperation with juvenile classification homes to formulate treatment plans that take into account the individual problems and educational needs of juveniles. Correctional education is implemented according to these plans (See Subsection 2, Section 4, Chapter 2, Part 4).
The problems of juvenile delinquents can be more complex and serious in cases of long-term treatment, due to the seriousness of delinquency. With this in mind, approaches to guidance have been strengthened by establishing special courses for juveniles who require intensive treatment to facilitate their correction and reintegration back into society. Short-term treatment courses (See (2) of Subsection 2, Section 4, Chapter 2, Part 4) were also reorganized in 2007 to place more emphasis on the foci of treatment, etc. and thus enhance the correctional education provided.
(2) Treatment at probation offices
Since FY 2007 special arrangements and content have been applied in the treatment of juvenile probationers/parolees for whom special consideration is required, such as those who have committed heinous/serious offenses. This has included, for instance, strengthening the level of supervision/guidance by directly involving probation officers in the provision of treatment (See (5) of Subsection 2, Section 2, Chapter 5, Part 2).
In addition, in November 2007, a procedure to issue warnings to juvenile probationers/parolees was introduced as a measure for ensuring more effective guidance (See (3) of Subsection 2, Section 6, Chapter 2, Part 4).
(3) Measures for guardians
In November 2007 the amendment of the Juvenile Training Schools Act and the Offenders Prevention and Rehabilitation Act (the said Act has since been succeeded by the Offenders Rehabilitation Act) provided for the directors of juvenile training schools and probation offices to take the appropriate measures, including providing guidance, advice, etc. to guardians. In response to this, and in order to facilitate the reformation/rehabilitation of juveniles in juvenile training schools and juvenile probationers/parolees, measures have been taken at juvenile training schools and probation offices such as providing guardians with information on correctional education, delinquencies, and custody of juveniles, and offering guidance and advice to help guardians understand the reality of the daily lives of juveniles and the appropriate means of custody for them (See (5) of Subsection 2, Section 4, Chapter 2, Part 4 and (5), Subsection 2, Section 6, Chapter 2, Part 4).