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This section describes the status of those placed under probation in a decision made by a family court (hereinafter referred to as “juvenile probationers” in this and the next section) and juvenile training school parolees (See Section 2, Chapter 5, Part 2 for probation/parole supervision).
If a family court decides to place a juvenile under probation, it can recommend the treatment of short-term probation or short-term probation for traffic offenses as being the most appropriate. Probation is carried out based on that recommendation, if it was made.
– Short-term probation
Short-term probation is intended for juvenile delinquents involved in non-traffic offenses who have not developed strong delinquent tendencies and can be expected to reform/rehabilitate themselves if placed under probation for a short-term period. It has been implemented since 1994. The directors of probation offices implement treatment after taking the opinions of family courts into account and selecting guidance fields of particular importance to each juvenile’s rehabilitation, such as their life style, school life, employment, family relationships, or relationships with friends, etc. Treatment focuses on providing juveniles with exercises to perform that are designed to help them solve the problems they face in those guidance fields.
– Short-term probation for traffic offenses
Short-term probation for traffic offenses is intended for juvenile delinquents involved in traffic-related offenses who do not have general delinquent tendencies or have not developed strong delinquent tendencies and whose traffic-related delinquent tendencies have not become too fixed. It has been implemented since 1977. Special treatment, mainly focused on group treatment, is implemented in place of the ordinary treatment.