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1 Public prosecutors offices (until referral to family courts)(1) Received cases
In 2008 the number of juvenile offenders newly received by public prosecutors offices was 158,358 (juvenile rate of 9.3%), that for penal code offenses was 127,555 (12.0% (id.)), and that for special act offenses was 30,803 (4.8% (id.)). By type of penal code offense, non-traffic penal code offenses accounted for 100,846 (31.4% (id.)) and negligence in vehicle driving causing death or injury, etc. accounted for 26,709 (3.6% (id.)). Special act offenses excluding violations of road traffic related acts totaled 3,188 (2.9% (id.)) (Source: Annual Report of Statistics on Prosecution).
Fig. 4-2-2-1 shows the number of juvenile offenders received (limited to non-traffic penal code offenses and special act offenses excluding violations of road traffic related acts) and rate per population by age group from 1975.
Intermediate juveniles surpassed the number of junior juveniles in 1990 and subsequently both the number and the rate per population of intermediated juveniles have remained the highest.
Fig. 4-2-2-1 Number of juvenile offenders newly received by public prosecutors offices and rate per population by age group (1975–2008)Appendix 4-8).
(2) Referral to family courts
Public prosecutors may attach their opinions on the treatment of the juveniles when they refer juvenile cases to family courts. See Appendix 4-9 for the status of those opinions.