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3 Flow of treatment procedure pertaining to protective measures(1) Commitment to a juvenile training school and parole supervision after release
A juvenile who received the disposition of being committed to a juvenile training school is accommodated at a juvenile training school and must follow a path of rehabilitation through correctional education.
The term of confinement in a juvenile training school is until the juvenile turns 20, in principle. However, a juvenile can continue to be accommodated after turning 20 for a period not exceeding one year from the decision of being committed to a juvenile training school. Committed juveniles are discharged on completion of their term of confinement. However, a family court can make the decision under certain conditions to extend a juvenile’s commitment if requested to do so by the director of a juvenile training school, specifying a term not exceeding the date on which the juvenile turns 23. In addition, a family court can make a decision on whether to continue commitment of the juvenile to a medical juvenile training school if requested to do so by the director of a juvenile training school, specifying a term not exceeding the date on which the juvenile turns 26.
A committed juvenile can be released on parole in a decision made by the Regional Parole Board. The juvenile is placed under parole supervision after release and until the term of confinement is complete.
(2) Probation/parole supervision, etc.
In principle a juvenile placed under probation/parole supervision receives guidance, supervision, and the support necessary for reformation/rehabilitation from a probation officer or volunteer probation officer until turning 20. However, the director of a probation office can grant early discharge from probation/parole supervision, etc. if a juvenile is deemed definitely capable of reforming/rehabilitating himself/herself. Conversely, however, if the juvenile repeatedly violates the conditions for probation/parole supervision to a serious degree despite being given warnings by the director of a probation office and is deemed to be incapable of reforming/rehabilitating himself/herself through probation/parole supervision, a family court can take the protective measures of commitment to a support facility for development of self-sustaining capacity / children’s home or commitment to a juvenile training school.
A juvenile committed to a support facility for development of self-sustaining capacity / children’s home is accommodated at one of these facilities established under the Child Welfare Act.