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 White paper on crime 2009 Part2/Chapter4/Section2/2 

2 Serving of food, medical care, health, etc.

  Inmates are provided with the necessary food and drink (hot water and tea, etc.) according to their physical constitution, health, age, and work, etc. They are also lent or supplied with clothes, bedding, and other daily necessities. In addition, they are also allowed to receive some daily necessities, etc. from outside (including purchases at their own expense).
  The daily cost for side dishes per adult inmate was 421.50 yen in FY 2009 (Source: The Correction Bureau, Ministry of Justice). Special food are provided for elderly and pregnant inmates, those whose physiques differ from the norm (refers to those extremely tall or short in height), those engaging in exhausting work, and those who cannot eat regular meals due to religious reasons or different dietary habits, etc.
  Medical departments or sections are established in penal institutions according to their size and role, and medical doctors and other medical specialists are assigned to those departments and sections to engage in medical treatment and health related work. Hachioji, Okazaki, Osaka and Kitakyushu Prisons were established as penal institutions that have specialized medical treatment available. In addition, six prisons (Sapporo, Miyagi, Fuchu, Nagoya, Hiroshima and Fukuoka Prisons) have been designated as medical priority institutions. These 10 institutions have medical equipment and specialists assigned to them.