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 White paper on crime 2009 Part2/Chapter2 

Chapter 2  Prosecution

  Public prosecutors offices collectively handle the work of public prosecutors and are divided into four different types: the Supreme Public Prosecutors Office corresponding to the Supreme Court; High Public Prosecutors Offices corresponding to high courts; District Public Prosecutors Offices corresponding to district courts and family courts; and Local Public Prosecutors Offices corresponding to summary courts.
  Japan utilizes the principle of prosecution by the state. Prosecution by private individuals is not permitted, with the right to prosecute having been granted exclusively to public prosecutors (the concept of monopolization of prosecutions), and the only exception being the so-called quasi-prosecution procedure. In addition, a new system was introduced and enforced on May 21, 2009 to regard a resolution of the Committees for the Inquest of Prosecution as a prosecution under certain conditions (See Subsection 1, Section 1, Chapter 2, Part 5).