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Probation/parole supervision for juveniles is divided into two types each.The first is carried out as a protective measure,while the second is as a criminal disposition.
Supervision as a protective measure is for:(i)those who are placed on probation by a decision of a family court( juvenile probationers),and(ii)those who are released on parole from juvenile training schools by decisions of Regional Parole Boards after they were committed to those schools by decisions of family courts( juvenile parolees).
A Regional Parole Board permits the release of a juvenile on parole from a juvenile training school if it sees the juvenile reach the highest grade of progressive treatment and considers it appropriate to place him or her under supervision for his or her further improvement and rehabilitation,or if it sees his or her performance in a training school improves as a result of his or her own hard work and considers it particularly necessary for his or her further improvement and rehabilitation to place him or her under supervision even if he or she has not reached the highest grade of progressive treatment yet.A Regional Parole Board rarely rejects an application for a release of a juvenile on parole.In2003,Regional Parole Boards approved the release of5,622juveniles,down by230from the previous year,rejecting no applications(one was rejected in the previous year)(see Appendix2-12).
Supervision as a criminal disposition is for:(iii)those released from penal institutions on parole,and(iv)those given a suspended sentence and placed under supervision.In2003,no parolees from penal institutions were under20years old,although those prisoners granted parole from prisons who had been sentenced to an indeterminate sentence but reached20years of age were20with six rejected.Those under20who received a suspended sentence with supervision were21(Source:Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation).
Since,as mentioned above,the cases that fall under(iii)and(iv)are rare,this section covers probation/parole supervision for(i)juvenile probationers and(ii)juvenile parolees.