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Supervision of a probationer or parolee is designed to instruct him/her to observe certain conditions in his/her normal life as well as to provide him/her with necessary guidance and support,with the aim of assisting him/her in reforming and rehabilitating oneself.
(1) Types of probationers and parolees
The types of probationers and parolees and their respective periods of supervision are as follows:
(i)Juvenile probationer: a juvenile placed on probation by the decision of a family courtIn principle,the period of supervision is from the date of decision of probation to the probationer's20th birthday.In case of a probationer over18years of age,the period is two years from the date of decision.
(ii)Juvenile parolee: a juvenile granted parole from a juvenile training schoolIn principle,the period of supervision is from the date of release on parole to the parolee's20th birthday.
(iii)Adult parolee: an inmate granted parole from a penal institutionThe period of supervision is from the date of release on parole until the remainder of the parolee's sentence expires.
(iv)Adult probationer: an offender given suspended sentence with probationary supervisionThe period of supervision is from the date of decision finalized until the probationer's suspended period expires.
(v)Women's guidance home parolee: a woman granted from a women's guidance homesThe period of supervision is from the date of release on parole until the remainder of the parolee's guidance disposition period expires.
(2) Supervisors of a probationer or parolee
Probation and parole supervision is usually carried out cooperatively by a probation officer and a volunteer probation officer for a probationer or parolee.It is a combination of the expertise of a professional probation officer and nongovernmental character of a volunteer probation officer,one of features of the probation system in Japan.