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2. Administration of parole
(1) Paroleapplications,number of parolees and parolerate
In 2003,the number of parole applications received was17,452,up by279(1.6%)from the previous year,the number of released parolees was15,784,up by466(3.0%),and the rate of those parolees to overall released inmates was56.0%,down by0.1points.
In recent years,one application was received for parole of penal detainees or fine defaulters in workhouses in2000and2002respectively(both parole were granted),but there has been no parole application from women's guidance homes since1983(Source:Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation and Annual Report of Statistics on Correction).
(2) Parole rejection rate
Table 2-5-2-1 shows the parole rejection rate over the last three years by case's term of sentence.The rejection rate was higher for life imprisonment and imprisonment for more than five years cases than imprisonment for five years or less cases.That for life imprisonment cases was6.3%and that for imprisonment for more than five years cases was12.8%in2003.
Table 2-5-2-1 Parole applications rejected or granted by type and term of sentence(2001-2003)
(3) Environmental adjustment of next abode after release
In order to help the inmates in penal institutions and juvenile training schools make their smooth return to society,probation offices carry out environmental adjustment of their next abode after release.The adjustment involves continuously coordinating with inmates'family members and other guarantors as soon as they are imprisoned,and preparing the environment of their next abode conducive for their return to society.
Cases for environmental adjustment have increased in accordance with an increase of inmates.In2003,environmental adjustment was newly carried out for a total of52,240inmates,up by996from the previous year,consisting of45,399prisoners,up by1,402,and6,841juvenile training school inmates,down by406.As of December31,2003,it was being carried out for a total of59,063prisoners and juvenile training school inmates,up by2,755from the previous year(Source:Annual Report of Statistics on Rehabilitation).