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 White paper on crime 2001 Part 2/Chap.5/Sec.4/1. 

Section 4 Assistance during Supervision, Urgent Aftercare of Discharged   Offenders, and Halfway Houses

1. Assistance during supervision, urgent aftercare of discharged offenders

  When the rehabilitation of probationers and parolees could be hindered by illness, injury, lack of a proper abode or occupation or other reasons, probation officers and volunteer probation officers give advice and guidance so that probationers and parolees are able to receive the necessary support from public welfare facilities. If such support cannot be obtained immediately or the support provided by such facilities is deemed to be inadequate, probation offices provide specific support. This is referred to as assistance during supervision.
  Assistance during supervision includes (1) temporary aid provided by probation offices, such as providing food and clothing, medical treatment, travel expenses to the place of next abode and (2) continuous aid through entrustment to halfway houses and individuals. Table II-23 shows the number of parolees and probationers who received assistance in 2000.

Table II-23 Number of persons receiving assistance during supervision (2000)

  Urgent Aftercare of Discharged Offenders is measures taken for inmates released on completion of their sentences, offenders given suspended sentence and defendants granted suspension of prosecution, who have been freed from physical constraint under the criminal procedures, if (1) they are unable to receive support from their relatives or people who have relationships with them or aid from public welfare facilities and other institutions, or (2) it seems impossible for them to rehabilitate themselves only with such support or aid. This urgent aftercare of discharged offenders is provided, upon the application from the person in question, by probation offices or through entrustment to halfway houses, for a period not exceeding 6 months from the date of discharge from the physical constraint. Table II-24 shows the number of persons who received urgent aftercare in 2000.

Table II-24 Number of persons receiving urgent aftercare of discharged offenders (2000)