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 White paper on crime 2001 Part 2/Chap.5/Sec.1/1. 

1. Organizations for the rehabilitation services

  As of April 1, 2001, there were the following organizations for rehabilitation services:1 National Offenders Rehabilitation Commission, 8 Regional Parole Boards, 50 Probation Offices and 3 branches thereof, and 27 Resident Officer's Offices. The National Offenders Rehabilitation Commission is a council consisting of a chairperson and 4 members, and has the authority to apply to the Minister of Justice for a pardon with respect to a particular person individually and to examine and make judgments on decisions made by Regional Parole Boards, in accordance with the provisions of the Offenders Rehabilitation Law and the Administrative Appeal Law. Regional Parole Boards, which are established by high court jurisdictions, are councils consisting of 3 to 12 board members and have the authority to decide whether a parole should be granted. Probation offices, which are established by district court jurisdictions, are engaged in a wide range of work concerning probation and parole, urgent aftercare of discharged offenders and crime prevention activities.
  Probation officers reside in secretariats of Regional Parole Boards as well as probation offices. They are engaged in work concerning probation, parole and crime prevention, with their expertise in rehabilitation services such as psychology, education, and sociology.